The Internet is fundamentally based on the existence of open, non-proprietary standards. They are key to allowing devices, services, and applications to work together across a wide and dispersed network of networks.
You can trace the origins of standards back to the US Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA). The resulting protocols spawned the invention and development of a wealth new applications and protocols.
Some of the core groups behind the development of the standards are:
These organizations are all open, transparent, and rely on a bottom-up consensus-building process to develop standards. They help make sure open standards have freely accessible specifications, are unencumbered, have open development and are continuously evolving.
The IETF also makes sure these standards are available online at no charge, thus facilitating adoption of them.
How to take part:
You can also have your say in the development of Internet Standards by participating in the IETF. Its activities are open to anyone around the world. While the IETF conducts all of its official business online, there are three meetings per year you can join in person or virtually.